Robin's first incarnation, Dick Grayson, debuted in Detective Comics #38 in April, 1940. Robin made regular appearances in Batman related comic books and other DC Comics publications from 1940 through to the early 1980s. Until, the character set aside the Robin identity and became the independent superhero Nightwing. There have been various characters performing the role of Robin where notably, one had even died at the hands of the Joker. The team of Batman and Robin has commonly been referred to as the Caped Crusaders or the Dynamic Duo.